Guide for Authors

 Journal Template

It is essential that you prepare your manuscript according to the journal's format and style specifications. Please read through the Journal Template carefully before preparing your manuscript for submission. You can find the template file here.


A concise and factual abstract is required maximum length 200 words. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. Typeset the abstract in 10 pt Times Roman with line spacing of 12 pt.


Title should be concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations

Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lowercase superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name.

Corresponding author

Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. This responsibility includes answering any future queries about Methodology and Materials. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.


Provide a minimum 3 keywords and a maximum of 4 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts.


State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results in the Introduction section.

The Main Text

Authors are encouraged to have their contributions checked for grammar. Abbreviations are allowed but should be spelt out in full when first used. Integers ten and below are to be spelt out. The text is to be typeset in 11 pt Times New Roman, with line spacing of 14 pt.

Tables and Figures

The tables and Figures must be appeared at the ‘center of page’. Every table and figure should have a caption appearing at the below.

Equations and Mathematical Formulas

For writing mathematical equations you should apply “Math Type”. Note that the equations and mathematical formulas must be appeared at the center of page. The font Times New Roman, with size 10pt Italic is considered for them. If it is needed, number equations consecutively with equation numbers in parentheses flush with the right margin.


Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Reference citations in the text are to be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals, in the order of first appearance. They are to be types as [1], [2-5].


Footnotes should be numbered sequentially in superscript lowercase Roman letters.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.


This section should come before the References. Funding information may also be included here.


The references section should be labeled “References” and should appear at the end of the paper. They should be listed in alphabetical order of the first author (use the style shown in the examples listed in References section). Typeset references in 9 pt Times New Roman.